Learn the history of the discovery of Bangla software!

Today I have not come up with any tips. Today, in the world of technology, how to understand Bengali software. Bangla Software started using computers in Bangladesh in the early 1980s. In this technology, the use of Bangla was started a few years later. There are two components needed to write Bangla on computer. One of them is the Bengali font, and the other is a keyboard driver or a word processing software. Although the material is completely different, the use of one is totally dependent on the other. Both of these elements are described together as Bangla software.

Even after two decades of computerization in Bangladesh, the use of computer software has not yet been shown to have any fruitful initiative taken by the government to mention Bangla software. As a result, many users of Bangla software have become unstoppable in many situations due to the lack of Bangla users or users in computer.

The initiative and effort of creating Bangla software is primarily of private or non-government organizations. Many of them are expatriate Bangladeshi. The first step in making Bangla software was inevitable to create Bangla fonts. There is a difference between Bangladesh's initiative to build the first Bangla font. Currently listed Bangla software is on the list provided. Software made with active contact with Bangladeshi or Bangladesh is included in the Bengali software table.

According to the report published in the paper, BUET's Department of Electrical Engineering Dr. Under the supervision of Syed Mahbubur Rahman, the first (1982-1986) computer was studied on the use of Bangla. In reality, no practical benefits have been found from this work. The typical computers were DOS based (MS-DOS) and Macintosh. Due to the practical advantages of Macintosh's graphical interface and the use of Macworld software was relatively high in the beginning of the publishing industry. Known as the 'Shahidulipi', the first Bengali software created in Mac for the first time in Bangladesh. Saif al-Doha Shahid made it. This package made with font and keyboard drivers was marketed in 1984. Ananda Computers of Dhaka publishes 'Bijoy' font and keyboard package for Macintosh in December 1988. It was known that its initiative was Mostafa Jabbar and Golam Faruk Ahmed. Later, its Windows version was made.

Since the publishing industry-based use of Bangla on computer, no one was motivated to create any Bangla software for the DOS platform until 1988. In November 1998, M Shamsul Huq Chowdhury of Automation Engineers marketed a font based on DOS based keyboard and 'package'. Later comes 'Anirban', later on whose Windows version gets a lot of promotion. By creating graphical interfaces in DOS mode, the work of Safe Workers and Sohl's 'Varna' attract many people. In 1993, they built up its Windows interface and connected the first Bengali Spell Checker. With the increase in popularity of Windows PCs and the expansion of computer usage, there are plenty of Bangla software in the nineties. In June 1993, 'National' was formed by government approval. But its use was very limited. In the meantime, Proshika published a number of keyboard drivers and published 'Prashashashad'. A Bangla Spell Checker is also added to the proshikshabad package. Several other Bengali software was published in 1994, but none of this is very prominent.

Expatriate Bangladeshi computer scientists have also been working to use Bangla on computers since the early eighties. In 1984, Thailand's AIT said. Abdul Motaleb created a Bengali font on the DOS platform. No further details were found in this regard. In 1985, Dr. Muhammad Zafar made a Bangla font for Iqbal Macintosh. He followed the English alphabet in the form of a Bengali alphabet, which made the conjunction with a normal size, as well as a small size shape as a part of the conjunction. Because the computer's 8-bit coding system can not be used in all the letters / symbols used in Bangla, he wanted to make a change in the rules of writing Bangla on computer. Many traditional conjunctions were seen in this new style. He did not go further with his efforts to change the traditional writing system of Bengal.

A new trend was introduced in the world of Bangla software. After the publication of 'Arsax font' from America in June 1998, after publishing 'Arsax colors' from America. Dr. Abhidus Shakil's designated keyboard layout and algorithm made it by Tahmeed Chowdhury. It was a limited opportunity word processor. The keyboard layout of the keyboard was sound and based on a simple and logical rule. Orcsoft is later marketed as 'Authors' through the publication of the novel. After Arsax color, several other Bangla software was composed of phonetic keyboard layout in 1999-2000. Standard Bengali, Natural Bangla, BornoSoft Bangla 2000, Bengali Ward is listed on this type of software. But none other than Bangla2000 could not create or follow a complete logical rule. BornoSoft published a limited edition word processor Bangla 2000 Software by American Expatriate student Amirul Islam Manik.

Although there are no complete Bangla software for the Linux platform, many Bangladeshi people are working for Bangla through their own initiative. Taneem Ahmed, a Canadian citizen working in America, is one of the pioneers. Besides Linux's system level support for Bangla, he is also working on creating Unicode based OpenType fonts.

Some foreigners also actively participated in this effort with Bangladeshis to create Bangla software. Among them, Robin Upton of England's Alvritists created 'Ekushey', an add on Bengali software for writing only on Microsoft Word. The Indian West Bengal and the Indian diaspora also created almost a number of Bangla software.

Two things are clear from the untimely multiplication of Bangla software: Bangla is not easy to write on computers and many manufacturers have tried to simplify the task of writing Bangla through this. But it can be said that no one succeeded in this. The main problem of using Bangla software in this way is to memorize a completely unplanned new keyboard layout. It is normal for anyone other than professional Bengali typists to memorize a keyboard other than Bengali keyboard besides Bengali keyboard. So, while there are two standard Bangla software in the market, five percent of Bangladeshi computer users can write Bengali on computers. By using keyboard, which are very hard and time-consuming to write Bengali, at one point the software was created to write Bangla in the Bengali alphabet with the mouse click on the computer monitor. This effort is a natural reflection of the inability to write Bangla using the keyboard.

The majority of Bangla letters are marked as the main obstacle of Bangla software. But the Chinese, Japanese, etc., more than sixteen thousand languages are used to easily type in the words that have been used by those countries. In fact, almost all languages use a standard transliteration scheme to present their letters and pronunciation in Roman letters. This method, which can be learned in an hour, can not be read by a foreigner even if it can not read the language, but knowing only words can write those languages on computer. But this has not happened in Bengali software in Bangladesh.

BornoSoft founder is America's expatriate Dr. Abdus Shakil made such a logical and thorough process after a long study for Bengal. In this process, the two Bangla words can be separated by Roman form. BornoSoft published Bangla 2000 software is based on that method. Anyone, even a foreigner, who is familiar with the English keyboard using only 26 lower case keys, can access the rule within just an hour and write Bengali very fluently.

Since the beginning of computer usage in Bangladesh, a Bangla software has been published one after the other. None of this is able to gain the satisfaction of the users, but in the list of the most commonly used Bangla software in Bangladesh is Vijay. Most of the professional Bengali typists are the users of victory. It is probably Monir, which was followed by Optima Type Writer, which was marketed with several packages. On the other hand, Bengali users have chosen computers in North America, BornoSoft Bengali 2000. BornoSoft Bangla 2000 is also becoming popular among Bangladeshi Bengali typists of the country. Slowly.

References - Banglapedia.

N.B. This article was first published in the Bengali version of this blog

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