Kazi Nazrul Islam Biography

Kazi Nazrul Islam (May 25, 1899 - August 29, 1976), Bengali, musician, philosopher, best known for his pioneering role in Bengali poetry. One of the most literary, patriotic people of Bangladesh and the national poet of Bangladesh. West Bengal also enjoyed her poetry and songs equally in both Bangla languages. She was rebellious because of the rebellious attitude of her. The main theme of Tarakbita was the protest against the torture and oppression of people against the people. The importance of Kazi Nazrul Islam in Bangla mind is immense. At one time Nazrul always spoke against injustice and injustice as a poet, literary, musician, journalist, politician and soldier. This attitude is reflected in his poems and songs. His entry like fire, his comet like the comet. Such a rebellion in writing, in life - so "rebellious poet".

Nazrul was born in a poor Muslim family. His primary education was religious. He also worked as a Muazzin in a local mosque. Having worked with various team members, she received poetry, drama and literary knowledge. After working for some days in the Indian army, he chose to serve as a profession. He used to stay in Calcutta. In this period, he was directly involved in the fight against the British Raj. Poetry like rebellious and broken songs; Comet Factor. Jailed prisoner prisoner writes in jail Contradictions against imperialism were obvious in this dharma. He had special relations with the religious Muslim community and the neglected Indian people. Love, liberation and rebellion found her literary work. He also wrote against religious gender discrimination. Although he wrote short stories, novels, dramas, he was more popularly known as poet. In Bengali, he gave birth to a new trend. It is the Islamic music and the ghazal. Nazrulpaya has composed and composed tunes of 3000 songs, now known as Nazrul music or "Nazrulgiti" and is very popular. In the midwife, he became a pectoral disorder. As a result, he has to be separated from his work for a long time. He has lost his mental balance. At the invitation of the government of Bangladesh, he came to Dhaka with his family in 1972. He was made the nationality of Bangladesh. Here he died.

Biography

Birth and early life
Kazi Nazrul Islam, was born on 24 May 1899 (11th birth anniversary of 1306 BS) in Churulia village of Asansol subdivision of the upmarket district of West Bengal. Churulia village is situated in Asansol subdivision Jamuriathana. She is the sixth child of Jahidakhatun, wife of Qazi Aminullah, son of Qazi Fakir Ahmad. His father was the Imam of a local mosque They were three brothers and sisters. His brother's three brothers are the names of the two sisters: Sabka Bazar, Sabrina Kazi Ali Hossain, Bonoumme Kulsum. Kazi Nazrul Islam's nick name was "Dakhu Mia" He started the Mathan (Religious School of Muslim Schools directed by the mosque) to study the Quran, Islamism, philosophy and Islamic theology. When his father died in 1908, only nine years of his childhood. His education was interrupted due to lack of family poverty and he was reduced to ten years of age. After the short-term examination, Sumonoyrul Mktb started his education. At the same time, Haji started the work as a servant of Paloyan and started as a mosque in Mujaajjin (Azanata). Through these works, he got an opportunity to get acquainted with Islam's religious rituals, which then became very influenced by literary work. It is said that he started practicing Islamic spirit in Bengali literature.

Nazrul did not have much work for Maktab, Mosque and Mazar. Attracted from the age of childhood, a leto (poetry of the Radha region of Bengal, the popular theatrical movement of music and music). Join the team. His uncle, Bazlekarim, was a prominent teacher of the Leo party in the Churulia region and had his occupation in Arabic, Persian and Urdu. Besides, Bazale Karim used to compose mixed language. It was assumed that Nazrul joined the leto as a result of Karim's influence. Besides, Nazrul regularly took part in the famous Leto poet Sheik Choko (Goda Poet) and Kaviyabsudeb's Leto and Kavigan. Let's begin with the study of Lettlesi. With this team, he used to go to different places, learn with them, and write songs and poems for his plays. He started studying Bangla and Sanskrit Literature in the light of his experience and experience. He also started studying Hindu scriptures or myths. He wrote several folk songs for his drama. In the meantime, there are farmers' farming, Shankunivadha, Raja Yudhishthira's Song, Data Karna, Akbarabad Shah, Kavikalidas, Vidyattaamam, Song of Rajput, Negligence of Older Shawl and Meghnadbadh. Masjid, Mazar and Maktab lives on the one hand, on the other side, Leo group's expertise has provided many elements of literary life of Nazrul. 

In 1910, Nazrul left the Leo party and returned to school. The proof of his love for the Leo group was impressed with the paraphrase of Nazrul Leo leaving the songs of other disciples: "We have been under it, O Thaddheen / Thaibhishi, Bishat Sameen / Nazrul Nazrul Islam, what is the proof of quality." His first school in this new year was the Searsol Raj School of Raniganj It was followed by the Matheron Higher English School, which was later known as the Nevin Chandrodayonstitution. The headmaster of the Mathrun School, Kekumudranjan Mallik, who was also known as the famous poet of the time, is a source of inspiration for Nazrul's inspiration.

However, financial problems did not allow him to study here for a long time. After studying in the sixth grade, he had to return to work again. First of all, in the medicinal biscuits. After this, a Christian took the task of making bread in the shops of the railway guards and in the tea and bread shops of Asansol. In this way, the childhood of many hardships started to be spent. While working in this shop, he was introduced to Asansolardaroga Rafizullah. Rafizullah received his talent when he saw only Basheerjrul who wrote books and rhymes in the shop. He admitted Nazrul to the seventh grade in Trishalderirampur School of Mymensingh district in 1914. In 1915, he returned to the Searsol Raj School in Abarraniganj and started studying in the eighth grade. Until 1917, he studied here. At the end of 1917, without joining the Prefecture of Secondary examination, he joined the army as a soldier. While studying in this school, Nazrul was influenced by the teachers here. They are classical musicians Kanjilal, Revolutionary Cognition, Nibaran Chandra Ghatak, Hafiz Nurunnabi of Farsi Sahaita and Nagendranath Bandhao of Sahitya Charchar.


Soldier's life
At the end of 1917, Nazrul joined the army. First, go to the Portawilium in Calcutta and later to the border province for training. After the training, the soldier began to spend his life in Karachi cantonment. From the end of 1917 to 1930, between March and mid-April 1920, ie, about two and a half years. During this time, he was from the general soldier of the 49 Regiment Regiment to Quarter Master Havildar. He speaks Persian words to the Punjabi radical of that regiment. Besides, local and foreign tactics continued to practice co-operation with fellow scientists, and the practice of prose-verse remained simultaneously. Among the essays that Nazrul completed in the Karki cantonment included, the book of the autobiography of Boundul (first prose), Mukti (the first published poem); Story: Hena, Pain of Pain, Needs of Meher, Sleeping, Poem Tomb. Despite being in the Karachi Cantonment, he was a subscriber to various literary sources in Kolkata. These include expatriates, Bharatvarsa, Bharati, Manasi, Marmabani, Sabujpatra, Saogat and Bangiya Muslim Sahitya Patrika. At this time he had some books of Rabindranath Tagore, Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay and Persian poethafiz. In this formula, Nazrul's literary works are at Handkhari, in Karachi Cantonment. While being a soldier, he participated in the First World War. At that time, Nazrul's forces were going to Iraq. But the war did not stop again. When the war ended in 1920, 49 Bengalis were suspended. After this he left the soldier's life and came to Calcuttaire.

Journalist Life and Marriage
At the end of the war, Nazrul resumed his office at Bangla Muslim Sahitya Samithi office at College Street 32nd Street. He stayed with him, one of the leaders of this organization, Mr. Muzaffar Ahmad. From here on, his literary journalistic life began to be rooted. Initially, some of his writings were published in Moslem India, Bangiya Muslim Sahitya Patrika, Upasana etc. In the middle of the formation of obstruction and the poetry of Bhavnya, Shat-il-Arab, Badal Pratisharab, Agamini, Ferry-Parikshari, Korbani, Moharram, Fateh-e-Doajad. These writings are especially praised in literature. In this context, poets and critics, Lalit Mazumdar Moslem, praised the fir-pir of Bharat Patrika and Badaraprat Sarabakbita, and wrote a critical essay. This is a close acquaintance of Nazrul with famous writers and critics of the country. Kazi Motahar Hossain, Mozammel Haque, Kazi Abdul Wadud, Muhammad Shahidullah, Afzalul Haq and others were present at the office of Bangiya Muslim Sahitya Samithi. Kalakataraduti the popular literary event gajenadaraadda and shuffle through the Indian addayaansagrahanera Atulprasad Sen, Abanindranath Tagore, Satyendra Nath Dutta, premankura atarthi, sisirabhaduri, saratcandracattopadhyaya, nirmelandu Lahiri, dhurjatiprasadamukhopadhyaya, Hemendra Kumar, Thakur dinendranatha, carucandrabandyopadhyaya, Ustad Khan and others karamatulla Athe. In October 1921, he went to Shashantiniketan to meet Rabindranath Tagore. Then there was good relations between them till the death of Thekerbindranath. Nazrul's special friendship developed with Kazimotahar Hossain.

On July 12, 1920, an evening picnic called Nabavuga started to be emptied. In the context of non-cooperation and Khilafat movement, the editor of this newspaper was Sher-e-Bangla AK. Fazlul Haque. Nazrul started regular journalism through this paper. In the same year, who wrote an article titled "Who is responsible for the death of Muhajirin?", The security of the certificate was confiscated, and police investigation started on Nazrul. However, through journalism, he has the opportunity to establish a political osmigital status. At the same time, Muzaffar Ahmad with the help of joining different political parties and associations got the opportunity to gain direct experience in politics. Through the various small programs, music and music were going on together. Still, he did not compose music for himself. Mohini Sengupta, the musician of the Abrahams community, was publishing it in tales with his tunes. It includes: maybe your puddle, he's a loving-looking man. His first song was published in the Baishakh number of the 1327 band of Saogat. The song was: "Bajaoprabu Bazao dawan". In April-June, 1921, Ali Akbar Khan, the publisher of Nazrul Muslim Sahitya Samithi, became acquainted with the book. In addition to that, he came to the house of Birjasundari Devi of the first Comilla. And here it is known that Pramiladevi was married with her first and later married. However, the marriage of Agenjurul was correct with Nargis Asharakhani, sister-in-law of Ali Akbar Khan. After completion of the marriage, the Nazrul house of the Kabir would be against jamithaqara conditions. Nazrul refused to stay in the house and before the completion of the house, Birgasundari went to Devirbari in Comilla town. At one stage they got married.

Rebel Nazrul
The non-cooperation movement across the country created a huge enthusiasm. Nazrul from Comilla, on June 19, from the house of Ali Akbar Khan at Doulatpur for some days. As long as he was here he became an active politician. His main work was in the procession and meeting in Gangaawa. During his time, the songs composed by him include: "Aapagal Pathik Chat came in the prison premises, in the early morning, in the morning, in the same way, in the same way, in the same way." Here he changed his place from 17 days. Return to the reunion in November 1921. On 21st November, the entire Indiawide strike On this occasion, he came to Dashenema again; In the non-cooperation process, the city surrounded and singing, "Beggar! Give alms You want to return to the poor. " At this time, Nazrul's poetry, song and anthology have provoked a rebellion. The best example is the rebellious poem. The rebel poem was released in 1922 and is famous in the literary society of India.

On 12th August 1922 Nazrul Dhumketu published the magazine. It was published every week. In the 1920's, non-cooperation and Khilafat movement came to an end. After that, there was a special contribution of Dhumketu, in the wake of the armed revolution in the formation of Swaraj. Rabindranath Tagore wrote this book,
Kazi Nazrul Islam kalaniyesu, income goes to Comet Comet
Blind fire in the darkness, blow it out of a bad day, your victory katana
These words were written on top of the first page of the magazine. On September 26, 1922 in the magazine, Nazrul's poem Anandamayi was published. Because of this political debate, the number of the magazine on November 8 has been banned. On 23rd November of the same year his biographical book was confiscated and on the same day he was arrested from Comilla. After the arrest, Takkumilath was taken to Kolkata from Calcutta. On January 7, 1923, he conferred a statement by supporting himself as a prisoner. The ChiefPrassidency Magistrate gave this statement in Swinoua's court. His statement has earned the reputation of being a political prisoner in Bangla literature. Nazrul said in this statement:
My complains, I'm a rebel. So I have been imprisoned in the royal court today and unearthed at the court. ... I am a poet, I am sent by God for the unpublished truth to express the truth, the idol of idolatry. The voice of God, the message of God, the message of truth The service may be a rajkrodrajrajodhi, but in the justice, the speech is not insulting, it is saturated. The disclosure of truth will not be blocked. The comrades of my hand will be tormented by torture and torture ....

After the trial on January 16, Nazrul was sentenced to one year's rigorous imprisonment. Nazrul was taken to Alipur Central Jail. When he was living here (January 22, 1923, January 22), the world famous Bibhav Bindranath dedicated his autobiographical book to Nazrul. In this, the Nazrulan is festive. In this jubilant funeral, poetry is celebrated by the joy of creation today.

Illness
Besides Nazrul journalism, Nazrul was working in radio. At that time in 1942, he became ill. He lost his speech, and his illness was clearly told in 1942 in Zulmemas. After that he was mainly given homeopathy and Ayurvedic treatment. But there was no improvement in his condition. Neuro surgery was done at the time when it was possible to send it to Europe. But due to World War II it was not possible. At the end of 1942, he also took a mental balance. After that, the Nazrul family spent time in India. Until 1952, they were united. In 1952, the poet and the poet were sent to the mental hospital in Ranchi. This initiative played an important role in organizing Nazrul Medical Committee, which was named as Nazrul Medical Committee for the treatment of Nazrul. Also, the famous Indian politician Shyama Prasad Mukherjee cooperated. The poet stayed in Ranchi for four months.

Then in the year 1953, Nazrul and Pramila Devi were sent to London for treatment. Howrah Railway Station for the 10th of May. After reaching London, several specialist doctors tried to diagnose him. Among them were: Russell Brain, Williamszient and MacKiss They meet three times. During each session, they took 250 pounds. Nazrul's disease was impossible in Nazrul's disease in Russell Breinam. A group determined that Nazrul was suffering from "Involitional Psychosis". Apart from this, Indian doctors living in Calcutta also created a separate group. Both groups agreed that the primary treatment of the disease was very inadequate and inadequate. London-based London-based clinic Encephalography named XX-Ray was conducted. This shows that the frontal lobe of his brain has contracted. Dr. McKiss's views: Some doctors think of applying a method that is named McCask Operation. Of course, Dr. Bryan did this.


At this time Nazrul's medical report was sent to Vienna's famous doctors. Besides, other important places in Europe were also sent. The Neuroscience Observer of the Forest University of Germany opposed the operation of RottweinMacKisk. ViƱencourt also objected to this operation. They all talked about another test in this way that the X-rays of colored veggies are captured in the blood vessels of the brain (cerebral angiography). According to the decision of the adolescents, they are admitted under the physicians of Vienna Dr. Dr. Hanshoff. This doctor is one of the students of the Nobel laureate Julius Wagner-Jouraag. The poets were examined on December 9, 1953. From the results of Dr. Huff said that the poet definitely suffers from a neuron caused by Pixidijes. Infected people contracted the fractal and lateral lobe of the brain. He further said that it is impossible to cure the poets from the present system. On 27 December 1953, the daily Jugantor of Calcutta newspaper named Nazrul in Vienna, in which he was a writer whose author was Dr. Ashok Bagchi. He was aiming for higher education and was directly aware of the treatment of Nazrul. However, the British doctors did a great job for Nazrul's treatment, where no other doctor in the European side did the fees. Nazrul returned to Europe from Europe. Immediately after that, the Chief Minister of West Bengal, Dr Bidhanchandra Roy went to Vienna and said. Hans Hoff. The people who went to Europe along with Nazrul went on a trip to Rome on 14 December 1953.

Arrival and death in Bangladesh
During the liberation war of Bangladesh in 1971, an independent state was established in Bangladesh under the name of Bangladesh. On 24th May, 1972, with the permission of the Indian government, the poet Nazrul Kaiserbari came to Bangladesh. The then President Sheikh Mujibur Rahman of Bangladesh took the initiative. The rest of the poet's life is spent in Bangladesh. In recognition of his special contributions to Bangla literature and culture, on 9 December 1974, the University of Dhaka was awarded the honorary D.Litt title. This title was given to him by the University. In January 1976, Bangladesh government gave citizenship to Bangladesh. He was awarded Ekushey Padak on 21 February of the same year. Ekushey Padak is considered as the most respected medal of all of Bangladesh.

In spite of his treatment, Nazrul's health did not improve much. In 1974, Kabir's youngest son and famous guitar player Kali died. Nazrul's health in 1976 The last days of life are spent in PG hospital in Dhaka. He died on 29 August 1976.

References: LekhaporaBD.com, Wikipedia

All articles in this article are translated into English. The article is collected from this blog. If there is a mistake, then it is unintentional. Forgiveness candidate for him.

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